Home | 簡體中文 | 繁體中文 | 雜文 | 打賞(Donations) | ITEYE 博客 | OSChina 博客 | Facebook | Linkedin | 知乎專欄 | Search | Email

第 138 章 Sniffer

目錄

138.1. nmap - Network exploration tool and security / port scanner
138.1.1. 連接埠掃瞄
138.1.2. HOST DISCOVERY
138.1.2.1. -sP: Ping Scan - go no further than determining if host is online
138.1.3. SCAN TECHNIQUES
138.1.3.1. -sU: UDP Scan 掃瞄
138.1.3.2. -b <FTP relay host>: FTP bounce scan
138.1.4. PORT SPECIFICATION AND SCAN ORDER
138.1.4.1. -p <port ranges>: Only scan specified ports
138.1.5. SCRIPT SCAN
138.1.5.1. ftp-anon
138.1.5.2. mysql-info
138.1.5.3. http
138.1.5.4. snmp
138.1.5.5. SSHv1
138.1.5.6. --script-updatedb 更新腳本
138.1.6. OS DETECTION
138.1.6.1. -O: Enable OS detection 操作系統探測
138.1.7. OUTPUT
138.1.7.1. --open: Only show open (or possibly open) ports 操作系統探測
138.1.8. MISC
138.1.8.1. -6: Enable IPv6 scanning
138.1.8.2. -A: Enables OS detection and Version detection, Script scanning and Traceroute
138.1.9. Nmap Scripting Engine (NSE)
138.2. tcpdump - A powerful tool for network monitoring and data acquisition
138.2.1. 監控網絡適配器介面
138.2.2. 監控主機
138.2.3. 監控TCP連接埠
138.2.4. 監控協議
138.2.5. 輸出到檔案
138.2.6. src / dst
138.2.7. 保存結果
138.2.8. Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)
138.2.9. Flags
138.2.10. 案例
138.2.10.1. 監控80連接埠與icmp,arp
138.2.10.2. monitor mysql tcp package
138.2.10.3. HTTP 包
138.2.10.4. 顯示SYN、FIN和ACK-only包
138.2.10.5. 嗅探 Oracle 錯誤
138.2.10.6. smtp
138.3. cdpr - Cisco Discovery Protocol Reporter
138.4. ncat - Concatenate and redirect sockets
138.4.1. TCP 數據傳輸
138.4.2. UDP 數據傳輸
138.4.3. 始終保持伺服器開啟
138.4.4. 傳輸視頻流
138.5. ngrep - Network layer grep tool
138.5.1. 匹配關鍵字
138.5.2. 指定網絡介面
138.6. Unicornscan,Zenmap,nast
138.7. netstat-nat - Show the natted connections on a linux iptable firewall
138.8. Tcpreplay
138.9. Wireshark

138.1. nmap - Network exploration tool and security / port scanner

nmap
$ nmap localhost

Starting Nmap 4.20 ( http://insecure.org ) at 2007-11-19 05:20 EST
Interesting ports on localhost (127.0.0.1):
Not shown: 1689 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
21/tcp   open  ftp
22/tcp   open  ssh
25/tcp   open  smtp
80/tcp   open  http
139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
443/tcp  open  https
445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
3306/tcp open  mysql
	

138.1.1. 連接埠掃瞄

# nmap -Pn 192.168.4.13

Starting Nmap 6.40 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2016-11-04 15:41 CST
Nmap scan report for gts2apidemo.cfddealer88.com (192.168.4.13)
Host is up (0.0051s latency).
Not shown: 999 filtered ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
8008/tcp open  http

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 7.50 seconds
		

138.1.2. HOST DISCOVERY

138.1.2.1. -sP: Ping Scan - go no further than determining if host is online

掃瞄一個網段

$ nmap  -v -sP 172.16.0.0/24

Starting Nmap 4.62 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2010-11-27 10:00 CST
Initiating Ping Scan at 10:00
Scanning 256 hosts [1 port/host]
Completed Ping Scan at 10:00, 0.80s elapsed (256 total hosts)
Initiating Parallel DNS resolution of 256 hosts. at 10:00
Completed Parallel DNS resolution of 256 hosts. at 10:00, 2.77s elapsed
Host 172.16.0.0 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.1 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.2 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.3 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.4 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.5 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.6 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.7 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.8 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.9 appears to be up.
...
...
Host 172.16.0.253 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.254 appears to be down.
Host 172.16.0.255 appears to be down.
Read data files from: /usr/share/nmap
Nmap done: 256 IP addresses (8 hosts up) scanned in 3.596 seconds
			

掃瞄正在使用的IP地址

$ nmap  -v -sP 172.16.0.0/24 | grep up
Host 172.16.0.1 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.2 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.5 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.9 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.19 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.40 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.188 appears to be up.
Host 172.16.0.252 appears to be up.
Nmap done: 256 IP addresses (8 hosts up) scanned in 6.574 seconds


$ nmap -sn -oG - 172.16.1.0/24 | grep Up
Host: 172.16.1.1 ()	Status: Up
Host: 172.16.1.2 ()	Status: Up
Host: 172.16.1.3 ()	Status: Up
Host: 172.16.1.4 ()	Status: Up
Host: 172.16.1.5 ()	Status: Up
Host: 172.16.1.6 ()	Status: Up

			

掃瞄MAC地址

nmap -sP -PI -PT -oN ipandmaclist.txt 192.168.80.0/24
			

138.1.3. SCAN TECHNIQUES

138.1.3.1. -sU: UDP Scan 掃瞄

掃瞄DNS連接埠

$ sudo nmap -sU -p 53 xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
neo@deployment:~$ sudo nmap -sU -p 53 localhost

Starting Nmap 5.00 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 15:24 CST
Warning: Hostname localhost resolves to 2 IPs. Using 127.0.0.1.
Interesting ports on localhost (127.0.0.1):
PORT   STATE         SERVICE
53/udp open|filtered domain

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 2.14 seconds


neo@deployment:~$ sudo nmap -sU -p 1194 localhost

Starting Nmap 5.00 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 15:24 CST
Warning: Hostname localhost resolves to 2 IPs. Using 127.0.0.1.
Interesting ports on localhost (127.0.0.1):
PORT     STATE  SERVICE
1194/udp closed unknown

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.13 seconds


neo@deployment:~$ sudo nmap -sU -v localhost

Starting Nmap 5.00 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 15:22 CST
NSE: Loaded 0 scripts for scanning.
Warning: Hostname localhost resolves to 2 IPs. Using 127.0.0.1.
Initiating UDP Scan at 15:22
Scanning localhost (127.0.0.1) [1000 ports]
Completed UDP Scan at 15:22, 1.26s elapsed (1000 total ports)
Host localhost (127.0.0.1) is up (0.000010s latency).
Interesting ports on localhost (127.0.0.1):
Not shown: 993 closed ports
PORT     STATE         SERVICE
53/udp   open|filtered domain
111/udp  open|filtered rpcbind
123/udp  open|filtered ntp
137/udp  open|filtered netbios-ns
138/udp  open|filtered netbios-dgm
1812/udp open|filtered radius
1813/udp open|filtered radacct

Read data files from: /usr/share/nmap
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.33 seconds
           Raw packets sent: 1007 (28.196KB) | Rcvd: 993 (55.608KB)

			

138.1.3.2. -b <FTP relay host>: FTP bounce scan


			

138.1.4. PORT SPECIFICATION AND SCAN ORDER

138.1.4.1. -p <port ranges>: Only scan specified ports

Ex: -p22; -p1-65535; -p U:53,111,137,T:21-25,80,139,8080

sudo nmap -sU -p 53 localhost
			

掃瞄DHCP伺服器

sudo nmap -sU -p U:67,68 192.168.0.0/24

sudo nmap -sU -p U:67,68 192.168.0.0/24 > /tmp/dhcp.log
			

$ sudo nmap -sU -p161 192.168.0.0/24 > /tmp/snmp.log
			

138.1.5. SCRIPT SCAN

nmap script 使用lua編寫,請先安裝lua環境。

		
$ sudo apt-get install lua5.1

$ lua
Lua 5.1.4  Copyright (C) 1994-2008 Lua.org, PUC-Rio
> ^C
		
		
		
$ nmap --script "default and safe" localhost

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 16:23 CST
Nmap scan report for localhost (127.0.0.1)
Host is up (0.00023s latency).
Not shown: 993 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
22/tcp   open  ssh
| ssh-hostkey: 1024 a6:ab:76:a5:fb:80:4e:2c:bc:06:d4:85:ff:22:18:1a (DSA)
|_2048 c7:da:16:7a:e7:01:cc:f0:d2:02:b4:17:52:c9:c2:50 (RSA)
80/tcp   open  http
|_html-title: 500 Internal Server Error
139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
631/tcp  open  ipp
3000/tcp open  ppp
9000/tcp open  cslistener

Host script results:
|_nbstat: NetBIOS name: NEO-OPTIPLEX-38, NetBIOS user: <unknown>, NetBIOS MAC: <unknown>
|_smbv2-enabled: Server doesn't support SMBv2 protocol
| smb-os-discovery:
|   OS: Unix (Samba 3.5.11)
|   Name: WORKGROUP\Unknown
|_  System time: 2012-02-02 16:23:08 UTC+8

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.21 seconds


$ nmap --script=default 172.16.1.5

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 16:25 CST
Nmap scan report for 172.16.1.5
Host is up (0.024s latency).
Not shown: 997 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
22/tcp   open  ssh
| ssh-hostkey: 1024 c1:40:33:3b:be:4d:ef:52:40:a9:08:0a:e1:ae:d7:91 (DSA)
|_2048 9d:db:c5:41:94:63:c7:51:d1:97:36:d3:87:ad:8f:a5 (RSA)
3306/tcp open  mysql
| mysql-info: Protocol: 10
| Version: 5.1.48-community-log
| Thread ID: 6647320
| Some Capabilities: Long Passwords, Connect with DB, Compress, ODBC, Transactions, Secure Connection
| Status: Autocommit
|_Salt: 0%eRHQ?'Fi_!%6|4+w9U
5666/tcp open  nrpe

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 3.23 seconds
		
		

138.1.5.1. ftp-anon

$ nmap -p21 --script=ftp-anon 172.16.3.100

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 16:51 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for 172.16.3.100
Host is up (0.0066s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
21/tcp open  ftp
|_ftp-anon: Anonymous FTP login allowed

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.09 seconds
			

138.1.5.2. mysql-info

$ nmap -p3306 --script=mysql-info 172.16.0.5

Starting Nmap 5.00 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 16:58 CST
Interesting ports on 172.16.0.5:
PORT     STATE SERVICE
3306/tcp open  mysql
|  mysql-info: Protocol: 10
|  Version: 5.1.48-community-log
|  Thread ID: 62837508
|  Some Capabilities: Long Passwords, Connect with DB, Compress, ODBC, Transactions, Secure Connection
|  Status: Autocommit
|_ Salt: T{3(moe.R2C;?fgP:rQ|

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.06 seconds
			

138.1.5.3. http

http-date

$ nmap -p80 --script=http-date www.baidu.com

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 18:37 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for www.baidu.com (220.181.111.147)
Host is up (0.037s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
80/tcp open  http
|_http-date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 10:37:40 GMT; 0s from local time.

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.55 seconds

			

http-headers

$ nmap -p80 --script=http-headers www.baidu.com

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 18:38 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for www.baidu.com (220.181.111.147)
Host is up (0.036s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
80/tcp open  http
| http-headers:
|   Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 10:38:15 GMT
|   Server: BWS/1.0
|   Content-Length: 7677
|   Content-Type: text/html;charset=gb2312
|   Cache-Control: private
|   Expires: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 10:38:15 GMT
|   Set-Cookie: BAIDUID=0279AEA82B65E8B74C03D5B6AA92326C:FG=1; expires=Thu, 02-Feb-42 10:38:15 GMT; path=/; domain=.baidu.com
|   P3P: CP=" OTI DSP COR IVA OUR IND COM "
|   Connection: Close
|
|_  (Request type: HEAD)

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.54 seconds
			
$ nmap -p80 --script=http-date,http-headers,http-malware-host,http-trace,http-enum 192.168.3.5

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 19:15 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for 192.168.3.5
Host is up (0.0015s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
80/tcp open  http
| http-headers:
|   Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 11:15:00 GMT
|   Server: Apache
|   Last-Modified: Mon, 29 Nov 2010 14:56:50 GMT
|   ETag: "7bcaa3-2c-496324828b080"
|   Accept-Ranges: bytes
|   Content-Length: 44
|   Connection: close
|   Content-Type: text/html
|
|_  (Request type: HEAD)
|_http-malware-host: Host appears to be clean
|_http-date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 11:15:00 GMT; 0s from local time.
|_http-enum:

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.08 seconds

			

138.1.5.4. snmp

$ sudo nmap -sU -p161 --script=snmp-sysdescr 172.16.3.250

Starting Nmap 5.00 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 19:20 CST
Interesting ports on 172.16.3.250:
PORT    STATE SERVICE
161/udp open  snmp
|  snmp-sysdescr: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Version 8.2(5)
|_   System uptime: 84 days, 18:39:55.00 (732479500 timeticks)

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.49 seconds
			

138.1.5.5. SSHv1

$ sudo nmap -sT -p22 --script=sshv1 172.16.0.0/24

$ sudo nmap -sT -p22 --script=sshv1 172.16.3.0/24 --open | grep -B4 sshv1

Interesting ports on 172.16.3.250:
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
|_ sshv1: Server supports SSHv1

Interesting ports on 172.16.3.251:
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
|_ sshv1: Server supports SSHv1
			
$ nmap -sT -p22 172.16.0.0/24 --script=ssh-hostkey --script-args=ssh_hostkey=all > ssh.log

$ nmap -sT -p22 172.16.0.5 --script=ssh-hostkey --script-args=ssh_hostkey=full

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 19:35 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for 172.16.0.5
Host is up (0.0017s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
| ssh-hostkey: ssh-dss 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
|_ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAlgJcaT8/F0Ah+Jq9PifhQ3Bvfh4Nl5/WWiyoF0yIhhKlNnO04Vnbi8Qb39BDVRKaqIrfhgbG3vxfyF3TeSEOoAiXXyCns6Ivl7HUEHVsjHOVu7nwwMqo94CaM1+pUgJtXmbmTWyfWGCm8kGD2xNaxs10uxIcuukBN7jlN2TGyEmOD8QkA+1Dx7XGBjpMZT+DQwmEo72V2taAo3a0UOz9ivAakZ/kysP+PN+Kz106iT3BWMkvQScyt96HAwbq8Z0tO531mz90UGVBS1KqNMtNsLHsXYJnQ3obXUTwo8KvtEvJ1UHDs6QdEP55PiBTVvCS+CbEwZZ9O1yGNfznBWmp4Q==

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.11 seconds


$ nmap -sT -p22 172.16.0.5 --script=ssh-hostkey --script-args=ssh_hostkey=all

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 19:35 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for 172.16.0.5
Host is up (0.0014s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
| ssh-hostkey: 1024 26:89:a4:1d:f1:28:3c:36:88:ea:49:6d:1b:df:de:70 (DSA)
| 1024 xumep-dynut-poheh-cenys-dyfyz-tubap-lupoz-fofyd-figuf-timaz-byxox (DSA)
| +--[ DSA 1024]----+
| |    .            |
| |.o   +           |
| |o * + .          |
| |...B o .         |
| |...+o o S        |
| |o o + .o         |
| | o . . o E       |
| |      . +        |
| |       . .       |
| +-----------------+
| ssh-dss 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
| 2048 98:fb:db:e0:a3:99:18:04:cb:8c:42:25:f0:f5:b3:5a (RSA)
| 2048 xogok-vykec-zacyg-ruzup-baral-kotyv-latoz-hygyz-hysis-zadun-hyxix (RSA)
| +--[ RSA 2048]----+
| |o. ..            |
| | .o. .           |
| | .o   o          |
| |.+ o   =         |
| |o + . E S        |
| |.  . o .         |
| |    o . .        |
| |     o =.o       |
| |    . +.+o.      |
| +-----------------+
|_ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAlgJcaT8/F0Ah+Jq9PifhQ3Bvfh4Nl5/WWiyoF0yIhhKlNnO04Vnbi8Qb39BDVRKaqIrfhgbG3vxfyF3TeSEOoAiXXyCns6Ivl7HUEHVsjHOVu7nwwMqo94CaM1+pUgJtXmbmTWyfWGCm8kGD2xNaxs10uxIcuukBN7jlN2TGyEmOD8QkA+1Dx7XGBjpMZT+DQwmEo72V2taAo3a0UOz9ivAakZ/kysP+PN+Kz106iT3BWMkvQScyt96HAwbq8Z0tO531mz90UGVBS1KqNMtNsLHsXYJnQ3obXUTwo8KvtEvJ1UHDs6QdEP55PiBTVvCS+CbEwZZ9O1yGNfznBWmp4Q==

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.12 seconds


$ nmap -sT -p22 172.16.0.5 --script=ssh-hostkey --script-args=ssh_hostkey='visual bubble'

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 19:36 CST
NSE: Script Scanning completed.
Nmap scan report for 172.16.0.5
Host is up (0.0017s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
| ssh-hostkey: 1024 xumep-dynut-poheh-cenys-dyfyz-tubap-lupoz-fofyd-figuf-timaz-byxox (DSA)
| +--[ DSA 1024]----+
| |    .            |
| |.o   +           |
| |o * + .          |
| |...B o .         |
| |...+o o S        |
| |o o + .o         |
| | o . . o E       |
| |      . +        |
| |       . .       |
| +-----------------+
| 2048 xogok-vykec-zacyg-ruzup-baral-kotyv-latoz-hygyz-hysis-zadun-hyxix (RSA)
| +--[ RSA 2048]----+
| |o. ..            |
| | .o. .           |
| | .o   o          |
| |.+ o   =         |
| |o + . E S        |
| |.  . o .         |
| |    o . .        |
| |     o =.o       |
| |    . +.+o.      |
|_+-----------------+

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.12 seconds

			

138.1.5.6. --script-updatedb 更新腳本

$ sudo nmap --script-updatedb

Starting Nmap 5.00 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 16:34 CST
NSE: Updating rule database.
NSE script database updated successfully.
Nmap done: 0 IP addresses (0 hosts up) scanned in 0.12 seconds

			

138.1.6. OS DETECTION

138.1.6.1. -O: Enable OS detection 操作系統探測

nmap -O -v scanme.nmap.org
			

138.1.7. OUTPUT

138.1.7.1. --open: Only show open (or possibly open) ports 操作系統探測

nmap -O -v scanme.nmap.org
			

138.1.8. MISC

138.1.8.1. -6: Enable IPv6 scanning

138.1.8.2. -A: Enables OS detection and Version detection, Script scanning and Traceroute

			
  $ nmap -A -T4 localhost

Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2012-02-02 14:54 CST
Nmap scan report for localhost (127.0.0.1)
Host is up (0.00025s latency).
Not shown: 993 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE     VERSION
22/tcp   open  ssh         OpenSSH 5.8p1 Debian 7ubuntu1 (protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 1024 a6:ab:76:a5:fb:80:4e:2c:bc:06:d4:85:ff:22:18:1a (DSA)
|_2048 c7:da:16:7a:e7:01:cc:f0:d2:02:b4:17:52:c9:c2:50 (RSA)
80/tcp   open  http        nginx 1.0.5
|_html-title: 500 Internal Server Error
139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn Samba smbd 3.X (workgroup: WORKGROUP)
445/tcp  open  netbios-ssn Samba smbd 3.X (workgroup: WORKGROUP)
631/tcp  open  ipp         CUPS 1.4
3000/tcp open  ntop-http   Ntop web interface 4.0.3
9000/tcp open  tcpwrapped
Service Info: OS: Linux

Host script results:
|_nbstat: NetBIOS name: NEO-OPTIPLEX-38, NetBIOS user: <unknown>, NetBIOS MAC: <unknown>
|_smbv2-enabled: Server doesn't support SMBv2 protocol
| smb-os-discovery:
|   OS: Unix (Samba 3.5.11)
|   Name: WORKGROUP\Unknown
|_  System time: 2012-02-02 14:54:19 UTC+8

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at http://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 11.24 seconds
			
			

138.1.9. Nmap Scripting Engine (NSE)

http://nmap.org/nsedoc/

預置腳本

$ ls /usr/share/nmap/scripts
asn-query.nse                http-malware-host.nse    smb-enum-groups.nse
auth-owners.nse              http-open-proxy.nse      smb-enum-processes.nse
auth-spoof.nse               http-passwd.nse          smb-enum-sessions.nse
banner.nse                   http-trace.nse           smb-enum-shares.nse
citrix-brute-xml.nse         http-userdir-enum.nse    smb-enum-users.nse
citrix-enum-apps.nse         iax2-version.nse         smb-os-discovery.nse
citrix-enum-apps-xml.nse     imap-capabilities.nse    smb-psexec.nse
citrix-enum-servers.nse      irc-info.nse             smb-security-mode.nse
citrix-enum-servers-xml.nse  ms-sql-info.nse          smb-server-stats.nse
daytime.nse                  mysql-info.nse           smb-system-info.nse
db2-info.nse                 nbstat.nse               smbv2-enabled.nse
dhcp-discover.nse            nfs-showmount.nse        smtp-commands.nse
dns-random-srcport.nse       ntp-info.nse             smtp-open-relay.nse
dns-random-txid.nse          oracle-sid-brute.nse     smtp-strangeport.nse
dns-recursion.nse            p2p-conficker.nse        sniffer-detect.nse
dns-zone-transfer.nse        pjl-ready-message.nse    snmp-brute.nse
finger.nse                   pop3-brute.nse           snmp-sysdescr.nse
ftp-anon.nse                 pop3-capabilities.nse    socks-open-proxy.nse
ftp-bounce.nse               pptp-version.nse         sql-injection.nse
ftp-brute.nse                realvnc-auth-bypass.nse  ssh-hostkey.nse
html-title.nse               robots.txt.nse           sshv1.nse
http-auth.nse                rpcinfo.nse              ssl-cert.nse
http-date.nse                script.db                sslv2.nse
http-enum.nse                skypev2-version.nse      telnet-brute.nse
http-favicon.nse             smb-brute.nse            upnp-info.nse
http-headers.nse             smb-check-vulns.nse      whois.nse
http-iis-webdav-vuln.nse     smb-enum-domains.nse     x11-access.nse
		

使用所有腳本進行掃瞄

nmap --script all localhost