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第 100 章 Logs 分析

目錄

100.1. log
100.1.1. logwatch
100.1.2. logcheck : Analyzes log files and sends noticeable events as email
100.1.3. nulog
100.2. Web
100.2.1. Apache Log
100.2.1.1. 刪除日誌
100.2.1.2. 統計爬蟲
100.2.1.3. 統計瀏覽器
100.2.1.4. IP 統計
100.2.1.5. 統計域名
100.2.1.6. HTTP Status
100.2.1.7. URL 統計
100.2.1.8. 檔案流量統計
100.2.1.9. URL訪問量統計
100.2.1.10. 腳本運行速度
100.2.1.11. IP, URL 抽取
100.2.2. awstats
100.2.2.1. 語言
100.2.2.2. 輸出HTML文檔
100.2.2.3. 多站點配置
100.2.2.4. 合併日誌
100.2.2.5. Flush history file on disk (unique url reach flush limit of 5000) 優化
100.2.2.6. JAWStats
100.2.3. webalizer
100.2.3.1. 手工生成
100.2.3.2. 批量處理歷史數據
100.2.3.3. crontab
100.2.4. Sarg - Squid Analysis Report Generator
100.2.5. goaccess - Fast web log analyzer and interactive viewer.
100.3. Tomcat
100.3.1. 截取 0-3 點區間的日誌
100.3.2. 監控Redis
100.4. Mail
100.4.1. pflogsumm.pl - Produce Postfix MTA logfile summary
100.5. OpenSSH 日誌 /var/log/secure
100.5.1. 查看登陸用戶
100.6. rinetd.log
100.7. php-syslog-ng
100.8. Log Analyzer
100.9. Splunk
100.10. Octopussy
100.11. eventlog-to-syslog
100.12. Apache Flume
100.12.1. 安裝 Apache flume
100.12.2. 基本配置
100.12.3. 配置 MySQL 存儲日誌
100.12.4. 配置 HDFS 存儲日誌

100.1. log

100.1.1. logwatch

logwatch - log analyser with nice output written in Perl

http://www.logwatch.org/

過程 100.1. logwatch 安裝步驟:

  1. Install

    Ubuntu 7.10

    netkiller@shenzhen:/etc/webmin$ apt-cache search logwatch
    fwlogwatch - Firewall log analyzer
    logwatch - log analyser with nice output written in Perl
    				

    apt-get install

    # apt-get install logwatch
    				

    the logwatch has been installed, it should create a file in '/etc/cron.daily/00logwatch'.

  2. config

    $ sudo cp /usr/share/logwatch/default.conf/logwatch.conf  /etc/logwatch/conf/logwatch.conf
    $ sudo mkdir /var/cache/logwatch
    $ sudo vim /etc/logwatch/conf/logwatch.conf
    				

    mail to

    # Default person to mail reports to.  Can be a local account or a
    # complete email address.
    MailTo = root, openunix@163.com, other@example.com
    				

    To change detail level for the report

    # The default detail level for the report.
    # This can either be Low, Med, High or a number.
    # Low = 0
    # Med = 5
    # High = 10
    Detail = High
    				

    Crontab

    netkiller@shenzhen:~$ cat /etc/cron.daily/00logwatch
    #!/bin/bash
    
    #Check if removed-but-not-purged
    test -x /usr/share/logwatch/scripts/logwatch.pl || exit 0
    
    #execute
    /usr/sbin/logwatch
    				
  3. The logwatch is command, you can run it.


     logwatch --print 

    單獨查看某個服務,比如 SSH 登錄信息

    logwatch --service sshd --print

100.1.2. logcheck : Analyzes log files and sends noticeable events as email

# yum search logcheck | grep logcheck
Repodata is over 2 weeks old. Install yum-cron? Or run: yum makecache fast
============================ N/S matched: logcheck =============================
logcheck.noarch : Analyzes log files and sends noticeable events as email
		

安裝 logcheck

# yum install -y logcheck
		

查看 logchek 包所含檔案

[root@173 ~]# rpm -ql logcheck
/etc/cron.d/logcheck
/etc/logcheck
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d/kernel
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d/rlogind
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d/rsh
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d/smartd
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d/tftpd
/etc/logcheck/cracking.d/uucico
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/bind
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/cron
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/incron
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/logcheck
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/postfix
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/ppp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/pureftp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/qpopper
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/squid
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/ssh
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/stunnel
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/sysklogd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/telnetd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/tripwire
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.paranoid/usb
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/NetworkManager
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/acpid
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/amandad
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/amavisd-new
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/anacron
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/anon-proxy
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/apache
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/apcupsd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/arpwatch
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/asterisk
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/automount
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/bind
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/bluez-utils
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/courier
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cpqarrayd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cpufreqd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cron
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cron-apt
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cups-lpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cvs-pserver
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cvsd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/cyrus
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dbus
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dcc
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ddclient
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dhclient
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dhcp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dictd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dkfilter
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dkim-filter
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dnsmasq
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dovecot
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dropbear
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/dspam
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/epmd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/exim4
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/fcron
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/git-daemon
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/gnu-imap4d
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/gps
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/grinch
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/horde3
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/hplip
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/hylafax
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ikiwiki
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/imap
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/imapproxy
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/imp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/imp4
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/innd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ipppd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/isdnlog
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/isdnutils
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/jabberd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/kernel
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/klogind
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/krb5-kdc
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/libpam-krb5
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/libpam-mount
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/logcheck
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/login
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/maradns
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/mldonkey-server
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/mon
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/mountd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/nagios
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/netconsole
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/nfs
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/nntpcache
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/nscd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/nslcd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/openvpn
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/otrs
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/passwd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/pdns
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/perdition
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/policyd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/popa3d
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/postfix
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/postfix-policyd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ppp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/pptpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/procmail
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/proftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/puppetd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/pure-ftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/pureftp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/qpopper
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/rbldnsd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/rpc_statd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/rsnapshot
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/rsync
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/sa-exim
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/samba
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/saned
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/sasl2-bin
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/saslauthd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/schroot
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/scponly
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/slapd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/smartd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/smbd_audit
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/smokeping
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/snmpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/snort
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/spamc
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/spamd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/squid
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ssh
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/stunnel
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/su
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/sudo
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/sympa
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/syslogd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/systemd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/teapop
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/telnetd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/tftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/thy
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/ucd-snmp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/upsd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/uptimed
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/userv
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/vsftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/watchdog
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/wu-ftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.server/xinetd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/automount
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/bind
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/bluetooth-alsa
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/bluez-utils
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/bonobo
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/dhcpcd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/francine
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/gconf
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/gdm
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/hald
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/hcid
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/ifplugd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/ippl
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/kdm
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/kernel
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/laptop-mode-tools
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/libmtp-runtime
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/libpam-gnome-keyring
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/logcheck
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/login
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/net-acct
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/nntpcache
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/polypaudio
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/postfix
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/ppp
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/proftpd
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/pump
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/sendfile
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/slim
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/squid
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/udev
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/wdm
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/winbind
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/wpasupplicant
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/xdm
/etc/logcheck/ignore.d.workstation/xlockmore
/etc/logcheck/logcheck.conf
/etc/logcheck/logcheck.logfiles
/etc/logcheck/violations.d
/etc/logcheck/violations.d/kernel
/etc/logcheck/violations.d/smartd
/etc/logcheck/violations.d/su
/etc/logcheck/violations.d/sudo
/etc/logcheck/violations.ignore.d
/etc/logcheck/violations.ignore.d/logcheck-su
/etc/logcheck/violations.ignore.d/logcheck-sudo
/etc/tmpfiles.d/logcheck.conf
/usr/bin/logcheck-test
/usr/sbin/logcheck
/usr/sbin/logtail
/usr/sbin/logtail2
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/LICENSE
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README-psionic
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README.Maintainer
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README.how.to.interpret
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README.keywords
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README.logcheck
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README.logcheck-database
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/README.logtail
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/logcheck-test.1
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/logcheck.sgml
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/logtail.8
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/logtail2.8
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/tools
/usr/share/doc/logcheck-1.3.15/tools/log-summary-ssh
/usr/share/logtail
/usr/share/logtail/detectrotate
/usr/share/logtail/detectrotate/10-savelog.dtr
/usr/share/logtail/detectrotate/20-logrotate.dtr
/usr/share/logtail/detectrotate/30-logrotate-dateext.dtr
/usr/share/man/man1/logcheck-test.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/logcheck.8.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/logtail.8.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/logtail2.8.gz
/var/lib/logcheck
/var/lock/logcheck			
		

100.1.3. nulog

例 100.1. config.php