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8.12. 安裝 Elasticsearch 2.3

8.12.1. RPM 安裝

yum localinstall https://download.elastic.co/elasticsearch/release/org/elasticsearch/distribution/rpm/elasticsearch/2.3.4/elasticsearch-2.3.4.rpm
			

8.12.2. YUM 安裝

			
rpm --import https://packages.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch

cat >> /etc/yum.repos.d/elasticsearch.repo <<EOF
[elasticsearch-2.x]
name=Elasticsearch repository for 2.x packages
baseurl=https://packages.elastic.co/elasticsearch/2.x/centos
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://packages.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
enabled=1
EOF

yum install elasticsearch

sudo /bin/systemctl daemon-reload
sudo /bin/systemctl enable elasticsearch.service
			
			

查看 RPM 包中所含檔案

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -ql elasticsearch-2.3.4-1.noarch 
/etc/elasticsearch
/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml
/etc/elasticsearch/logging.yml
/etc/elasticsearch/scripts
/etc/init.d/elasticsearch
/etc/sysconfig/elasticsearch
/usr/lib/sysctl.d
/usr/lib/sysctl.d/elasticsearch.conf
/usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/elasticsearch.conf
/usr/share/elasticsearch/LICENSE.txt
/usr/share/elasticsearch/NOTICE.txt
/usr/share/elasticsearch/README.textile
/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin
/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/elasticsearch
/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/elasticsearch-systemd-pre-exec
/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/elasticsearch.in.sh
/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/plugin
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/HdrHistogram-2.1.6.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/apache-log4j-extras-1.2.17.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/commons-cli-1.3.1.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/compiler-0.8.13.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/compress-lzf-1.0.2.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/elasticsearch-2.3.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/guava-18.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/hppc-0.7.1.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jackson-core-2.6.6.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jackson-dataformat-cbor-2.6.6.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jackson-dataformat-smile-2.6.6.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jackson-dataformat-yaml-2.6.6.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jna-4.1.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/joda-convert-1.2.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/joda-time-2.9.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jsr166e-1.1.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/jts-1.13.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/log4j-1.2.17.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-analyzers-common-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-backward-codecs-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-core-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-grouping-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-highlighter-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-join-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-memory-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-misc-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-queries-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-queryparser-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-sandbox-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-spatial-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-spatial3d-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/lucene-suggest-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/netty-3.10.5.Final.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/securesm-1.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/snakeyaml-1.15.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/spatial4j-0.5.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/t-digest-3.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/antlr4-runtime-4.5.1-1.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/asm-5.0.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/asm-commons-5.0.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/lang-expression-2.3.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/lucene-expressions-5.5.0.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/plugin-descriptor.properties
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-expression/plugin-security.policy
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-groovy
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-groovy/groovy-2.4.6-indy.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-groovy/lang-groovy-2.3.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-groovy/plugin-descriptor.properties
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/lang-groovy/plugin-security.policy
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/reindex
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/reindex/plugin-descriptor.properties
/usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/reindex/reindex-2.3.4.jar
/usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins
/var/lib/elasticsearch
/var/log/elasticsearch
/var/run/elasticsearch
			

8.12.3. 測試安裝是否正常

啟動

/etc/init.d/elasticsearch start			
			

連結測試

[root@localhost ~]# curl -X GET http://localhost:9200/
{
  "name" : "Jack of Hearts",
  "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "2.3.4",
    "build_hash" : "e455fd0c13dceca8dbbdbb1665d068ae55dabe3f",
    "build_timestamp" : "2016-06-30T11:24:31Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "5.5.0"
  },
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"
}
			

8.12.4. Plugin 插件管理

8.12.4.1. 手工安裝插件

cd /usr/local/src/
wget https://github.com/medcl/elasticsearch-analysis-ik/releases/download/v1.9.4/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-1.9.4.zip
cd /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins
mkdir ik
cd ik
unzip /usr/local/src/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-1.9.4.zip

/etc/init.d/elasticsearch restart
			

8.12.4.2. plugin 命令

plugin -install medcl/elasticsearch-analysis-ik/1.9.0 			
			

8.12.4.3. 插件測試

			
curl -XDELETE http://localhost:9200/information/news/_mapping?pretty
curl -XDELETE http://localhost:9200/information/?pretty

curl -XPUT http://localhost:9200/information
curl -XPOST http://localhost:9200/information/news/_mapping?pretty -d'
{
    "news": {
            "_all": {
            "analyzer": "ik_max_word",
            "search_analyzer": "ik_max_word",
            "term_vector": "no",
            "store": "false"
        },
        "properties": {
            "content": {
                "type": "string",
                "store": "no",
                "term_vector": "with_positions_offsets",
                "analyzer": "ik_max_word",
                "search_analyzer": "ik_max_word",
                "include_in_all": "true",
                "boost": 8
            }
        }
    }
}'

curl -XPOST http://localhost:9200/information/news/ -d'
{"title": "越南胡志明遊記·教堂·管風琴的天籟之音","content":"這是我平生第一次去教堂,也是第一次完整的參加宗教儀式。當我駐足教堂外的時候,耳邊傳來天籟之音,是管風琴,確切的說是電子風琴。真正的管風琴造價昂貴,管風琴通常需要根據教堂尺寸定製,無法量產。我記得中國只有4座管風琴,深圳音樂廳有一座。"}
'
curl -XPOST http://localhost:9200/information/news/ -d'
{"title": "越南胡志明遊記·信仰·法事","content":"佛經的形成過程是與佛教的發展相始終的,按照佛教發展的時間順序,最早形成的是小乘佛教三藏,之後形成的是大乘佛教三藏,最後形成的是密宗三藏。"}
'

curl -XPOST http://localhost:9200/information/news/_search  -d'
{
    "query" : { "term" : { "content" : "佛經" }},
    "highlight" : {
        "pre_tags" : ["<strong>", "<strong>"],
        "post_tags" : ["</strong>", "</strong>"],
        "fields" : {
            "content" : {}
        }
    }
}'		

curl -XPOST http://localhost:9200/information/news/_search  -d'
{
    "query" : { "term" : { "content" : "中國" }},
    "highlight" : {
        "pre_tags" : ["<b>", "<i>"],
        "post_tags" : ["</b>", "</i>"],
        "fields" : {
            "content" : {}
        }
    }
}'