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第 23 章 Backup

目錄

23.1. help
23.1.1. Task
23.1.2. Schedule
23.1.3. Crontab
23.2. 配置檔案備份
23.2.1. Firewall and Switch
23.2.2. Server

例 23.1. Backup program

the following is a backup program to implement my ideas in the above diagram. I have not finished yet.

		
#!/usr/bin/env python3
#/bin/env python3
#-*- coding: utf-8 -*-
##############################################
# Home  : http://netkiller.sf.net
# Author: Neo <openunix@163.com>
##############################################

try:
    import logging, configparser
    import threading
    from optparse import OptionParser, OptionGroup
    import os,io,sys
except ImportError as err:
    print("Error: %s" %(err))

class Runtime(threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self, logging):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)
        self.logging = logging
        sys.stdin = open('stdin.log', 'r')
        sys.stdout = open('stdout.log', 'w')
        sys.stderr = open('stderr.log', 'w')
    def command(self,cmd):
        commands = {
            'rsync': 'rsync -auzvP',
            'sftp' : 'sftp',
            'scp' : 'scp -r',
            'cp' : 'cp -r'
        }
        return commands[cmd]
    def policy(self,policy):
        policies = {
            'full': 'rsync -az',
            'mirror': 'rsync -auz --delete',
            'differential': 'rsync -auz --delete',
            'incremental': 'rsync -auz',
            'clone': 'dd',
            'copy.cp': 'cp -au',
            'copy.cp.backup': "cp  --suffix=$(date '+.%Y-%m-%d.%H:%M:%S') "
            'copy.scp': 'scp -a',
            'mirror.ftp': 'wget -m',
            'mirror.http': 'wget -m',
            'archive.zip': 'zip',
            'archive.7zip': '7zip',
            'archive.cpio': 'cpio',
            'archive.tar': 'tar zcvf',
            'snapshot': ''
        }
        return policies[policy]
    def execute(self,cfg):
        print( self.policy('mirror'))
        #command = self.command(cfg['cmd'])
        command = self.policy(cfg['policy']) + ' ' + cfg['source'] + ' ' + cfg['target'] + ' >> stdout.log'
        self.logging.debug(command)
        os.system(command)
class Task():
    def __init__(self, logging):
        self.logging = logging
        self.config = configparser.SafeConfigParser()
        cfg='task.cfg'
        self.config.read(cfg)
    def list(self):
        for section in self.config.sections():
            print(section)
    def new(self):
        pass
    def remove(self):
        pass
    def change(self):
        pass
    def run(self, section):
        try:
            #print(cfg)
            cfg = self.config.items(section)
            r = Runtime(self.logging)
            r.execute(dict(cfg))
        except configparser.NoSectionError as err:
            print(err)
    def show(self, section):
        for item in self.config.items(section):
            #k,v = item
            print("%s: %s" %(item))
    def get(self,section):
        return self.config.items(section)
class Schedule():
    def __init__(self, logging):
        self.logging = logging
        self.config = configparser.SafeConfigParser()
        cfg='schedule.cfg'
        self.config.read(cfg)
    def list(self):
        for section in self.config.sections():
            print(section)
    def show(self, section):
        for item in self.config.items(section):
            print("%s: %s" %(item))
    def new(self):
        pass
    def remove(self):
        pass
    def change(self):
        system('backup.cron')
    def status(self):
        pass
    def run(self, section):
        threads = []
        t = Task(self.logging)
        #t.run(task)
        for task,status in self.config.items(section):
            if status :
                cfg = t.get(task)
                r  = Runtime(dict(cfg))
                r.setName('Thread-' + task)
                threads.append(r)
        for t in threads:
            #print(t.getName())
            self.logging.info(t.getName())
            t.start()
            t.join()
class Volume():
    pass
class Backup():
    def __init__(self):
        self.config = {}
        #self.config['logfile'] = 'backup.log'

        usage = "usage: %prog [options] arg1 arg2"
        self.parser = OptionParser(usage)
        self.parser.add_option("-f", "--file", dest="filename",
                  help="write report to FILE", metavar="FILE")
        self.parser.add_option("-q", "--quiet",
                  action="store_false", dest="verbose", default=True,
                  help="don't print status messages to stdout")
        self.parser.add_option('','--config', dest="config", help='Read configuration options from file.', default='backup.cfg')

        group = OptionGroup(self.parser, "arg1",
                    "arg1: task | schedule")
        self.parser.add_option_group(group)
        group = OptionGroup(self.parser, 'arg2', 'arg2: list | new | remove | show')
        self.parser.add_option_group(group)

        self.parser.add_option('-v','--version',action='store_true', help='print version number')
        self.parser.add_option('-d','--daemon', dest='daemon', action='store_true', help='run as daemon')
        self.parser.add_option('','--logfile', help='logs file.', default='backup.log')

        (options, args) = self.parser.parse_args()
        self.configure(options)

        try:
            logging.basicConfig(level=logging.NOTSET,
                    format='%(asctime)s %(levelname)-8s %(message)s',
                    datefmt='%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S',
                    filename=self.config['environment']['logfile'],
                    filemode='a')
            self.logging = logging.getLogger()
        except AttributeError as err:
            print("Error: %s %s" %(err, self.config['environment']['logfile']))
            sys.exit(2)
        pass

    def configure(self,options):
        if options.config:
            cpr = configparser.SafeConfigParser()
            cpr.read(options.config)
            for sect in cpr.sections():
                self.config[sect] = dict(cpr.items(sect))
                #for (key,value) in cpr.items(sect):
                #    self.config[key] = value
        #print(self.config)

    def task(self, args):
        try:
            t = Task(self.logging)
            if len(args) <= 1:
                t.list()
            elif args[1] == 'list':
                t.list()
            elif args[1] == 'run':
                if len(args) == 3:
                    t.run(args[2])
                else:
                    t.list()
            elif args[1] == 'show':
                if len(args) == 3:
                    t.show(args[2])
                else:
                    t.list()
            else:
                t.list()
        except IOError as err:
            print(err)
        except configparser.NoSectionError as err:
            t.list()
            print(err)
            self.logging.error(err)
    def schedule(self,args):
        try:
            s = Schedule(self.logging)
            if len(args) <= 1:
                s.list()
            elif args[1] == 'list':
                s.list()
            elif args[1] == 'show':
                if len(args) == 3:
                    s.show(args[2])
                else:
                    s.list()
            elif args[1] == 'run':
                if len(args) == 3:
                    s.run(args[2])
                else:
                    s.list()
            else:
                s.list()
        except configparser.NoSectionError as err:
            s.list()
            self.logging.error(err)
            print(err)
    def usage(self):
        self.parser.print_help()

    def main(self):
        (options, args) = self.parser.parse_args()
        if options.daemon:
            pid = os.fork()
            if pid > 0:
                self.logging.info('daemon is ok')
                sys.exit(0)
        if not args:
            self.usage()
        elif args[0] == 'task':
            self.task(args)
            self.logging.debug('Task')
        elif args[0] == 'schedule':
            self.schedule(args)
            self.logging.debug('Schedule')
        else:
            print('')
if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        backup = Backup()
        backup.main()
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        print ("Crtl+C Pressed. Shutting down.")

		
		

23.1. help

23.1.1. Task

list task

$ backup task list
www
database
test
test1
test2
			

show task

$ backup task show www
policy: mirror
source: /www/www.example.dev/*
target: /tmp/www
exclude: .svn
include: *
			

run task

$ backup task run www
			

23.1.2. Schedule

the backup program has four schedule task, actually you can add more.

$ ./backup schedule list
hourly
daily
weekly
monthly

$ ./backup schedule show hourly
www: True
mrtg: True

$ ./backup schedule run hourly

			

23.1.3. Crontab

crontab -l

17 *    * * *   test -x /srv/sbin/backup || ( backup schedule run hourly )
25 6    * * *   test -x /srv/sbin/backup || ( backup schedule run daily )
47 6    * * 7   test -x /srv/sbin/backup || ( backup schedule run weekly )
52 6    1 * *   test -x /srv/sbin/backup || ( backup schedule run monthly )

# m h  dom mon dow   command
*/30 * * * * /srv/sbin/backup task run www